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Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA)

Applied behaviour analysis (ABA) therapy is commonly known as the most effective, safe and evidence-based treatment for autism. It is a scientifically validated approach that allows people to understand behaviour and how one’s behaviour is affected by the environment. Since the 1960s, therapists have been using ABA therapy to assist autistic children and those with related developmental disorders. Over the last decade, there is a particularly dramatic increase in the use of ABA to help children with autism to have a better and productive live.

Besides that, this therapy benefits children with ASD as it promotes the basic skills like looking, listening, requesting and imitating, as well as complex skills like reading, conversing and understanding another person’s perspective. Additionally, on a practical level, the concepts and methods of ABA therapy have helped different children with ASD acquire many other skills such as living in a healthier lifestyles, master in a new language, etc. ABA focuses on the principles that explain how learning happens and one of the examples is positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is when a behaviour is followed by some sort of reward, it will be more likely to be repeated.
                       
A number of completed studies have demonstrated that ABA therapy can improve the communication, social relationships, play, self care, school and employment of an individual. Results for participants in all age groups revealed that ABA increased participation in family and community activities. These studies have shown that many children with autism experience significant improvements in different areas such as learning, reasoning, communication and adaptability when they involve in high-quality ABA programs. Also, some of the preschoolers who involve in early intensive ABA for two years or above acquire adequate skills to participate in regular classrooms with little or no additional support. In some studies as well, researchers found that children who receive intensive ABA therapy generally show greater enhancement in more skills area than those who participate in other intervention. The parents of the children who receive intensive ABA report larger reductions in daily stress too.

Source:
https://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/treatment/applied-behavior-analysis-aba
http://www.centerforautism.com/aba-therapy.aspx

应用行为分析(ABA)

应用行为分析(ABA)治疗通常被称为对自闭症最有效,安全和循证的治疗。这是一种经过科学验证的方法,可以让人们了解行为以及环境如何影响他人的行为。自20世纪60年代以来,治疗师一直在使用ABA来帮助自闭症儿童和患有相关发育障碍的儿童。在过去的十年中,ABA的使用显着增加,以帮助自闭症儿童获得更好和更有成效的生活。

除此之外,这种治疗对患有ASD的儿童有益,因为它可以提升观看,聆听,请求和模仿等基本技能,以及阅读,交谈和理解他人视角等复杂技能。此外,在实践层面上,ABA治疗的概念和方法帮助不同的ASD儿童获得了许多其他技能,例如生活在更健康的生活方式,掌握新语言等等。ABA专注于解释学习如何发生的原则其中一个例子是积极强化。积极强化是指行为之后是某种奖励,更有可能重复。

许多研究表明,ABA可以改善个人的沟通,社会关系,游戏,自我照顾,学校和就业。所有年龄组的参与者的结果显示,ABA增加了对家庭和社区活动的参与。这些研究表明,许多自闭症儿童在参与高质量ABA课程时,在学习,推理,沟通和适应性等不同领域都有显着改善。此外,一些参与早期强化ABA两年或两年以上的学龄前儿童获得足够的技能,无需额外支持即可参加普通教室。在一些研究中,研究人员发现,接受强化ABA的儿童通常比参与其他干预的儿童在更多技能领域表现出更大的提升。接受密集ABA的儿童的父母也报告了日常压力的大幅减少。