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Art Therapy

Creativity can come in many forms. Art can take the form of photography, paper folding, painting or drawing to help people in engaging the right side of their brain that is often used for artistic expression. Art therapy is a form of therapy that uses art to help a child with special needs work through behavioral, emotional or psychological issues. The therapy aims to facilitate positive changes in a child’s behaviors, thoughts, and feelings that can be accomplished in various ways. Besides that, by practicing any form of art in an environment that allows your child to relax and feel safe can lead to increased motor skills, improved focus and a better mood. It is known as a psychotherapeutic service which allows children to express themselves in non-verbal ways through art. It provides a way for the child to communicate things where they are unable to express in words.

The kinds of artwork varies from making collages, drawing pictures, painting murals, crafting puppets to creating sculptures. All of these are ways for the child to express their feelings through the art they create and to provide information indirectly to the therapist. Moreover, special needs children can learn social skills, gain cognitive growth, obtain coping mechanisms through the resolution of frustration and practice sensorimotor skills such as sensory stimulation and hand-eye coordination.

                         

 

Art therapy relies on how art impacts the neurological system with artistic materials as a kind of intervention as well. By presenting its own set of unique stressors, this challenges a special needs child to learn material manipulation, focus and how to nurture tangible relationships. This benefits the child through “unlearning” a behavior that has previously been associated with a negative emotion or situation, and replaces it with positive change and behaviors. A child’s improvement can be seen over time and this new action will become the primary reaction to specific circumstances.

This modality can often help special needs children to achieve a closer balance in brain hemispheres. Learning disabilities, depression, anger and perception are believed to be affected by an imbalance. By having such creative therapy to other forms of counseling, this can aid in the learning of coping skills that are often lacking in conditions like Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder.

                 

The focus of art therapy on a child with special needs will be gaining new skills while limiting environmental distractions and unproductive behavior at the same time. Children with special needs will learn to achieve new goals through action-based, dynamic educational principles and understand the emphasis on effort over actual ability. This can promote insight into a child’s abilities and limitations, as well as assisting the child to see their abilities that don’t necessarily mean “setbacks.” Hence, a child will feel confident in their own abilities and improves their self-esteem, which can lead to a world of behavioral and emotional benefits through this type of expressive intervention.

Source(s) :
https://www.masters-in-special-education.com/faq/how-is-art-therapy-used-in-special-education/
https://specialedresource.com/resource-center/art-therapy-children-special-needs               

艺术治疗

创造力可以有多种形式。艺术可以采取摄影,纸张折叠,彩绘或绘画的形式,以帮助人们能更多地使用掌管艺术表达的大脑右侧。艺术治疗是一种疗法,它利用艺术帮助有特殊需要的儿童,解决他们的行为、情感或心理问题。该治疗目的在于通过各种方式促进儿童的正面变化,特别是针对行为、思想和感情方面。除此之外,在孩子放松和安全的环境中练习任何形式的艺术能有效地提高运动技能,改善注意力和改善情绪。艺术治疗被称为一种心理治疗服务,它允许儿童通过艺术表达自己,为孩子提供了一种他们无法用语言表达的方式。

从制作拼贴画,绘画,创作壁画,制作木偶到创作雕塑,艺术品可说是种类繁多。所有的成品都是孩子通过他们创造的艺术来表达自己感受的方式,并间接地为治疗师提供信息。此外,特殊需要的儿童可以学习社交技能,获得认知成长,通过解决挫折获得应对机制,并练习感觉刺激和手眼协调等感觉运动技能。

艺术治疗主要利用艺术自身如何影响神经系统,而艺术材料是一种工具。通过展示独特的压力因素,这变成了挑战一个特殊儿童学习物质操纵,专注以及如何培养有形的关系。这有利于孩子通过“忘却”以前与负面情绪或情境相关联的行为,并用积极的变化和行为取而代之。随着时间的推移,可以看到孩子的进步,而这个新行为将成为对特定情况的主要反应。

学习障碍,抑郁,愤怒和感知被认为是受到不平衡的影响。艺术治疗经常帮助特殊儿童改善这方面的问题,因为它能更紧密地平衡他们的大脑半球。通过对其它形式的咨询进行创造性治疗,这可以帮助在学习时注意力缺陷/多动障碍和自闭症谱系障碍等条件下经常缺乏的应对技能。

对特殊儿童进行艺术治疗的重点将是获得新技能,同时限制环境的干扰和低效率行为。特殊儿童将通过基于行动的动态教育原则学习实现新目标,并理解对实际能力的重视。这可以促进洞察孩子的能力和局限,以及帮助孩子看到他们的能力,而并不一定意味着“挫折”。因此,孩子会对自己的能力充满信心并提高他们的自尊心,通过这种表达行为,可以带来行为和情感上的好处。