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Block Building Therapy

Building blocks therapy, which falls within the “play based” therapy method for children, is a private occupational therapy practice that aims to empower kids to reach their full potential. Through play-based therapy, children can learn to express their feelings, develop their confidence, use a variety of way to relate one with others, modify their behaviour and foster their problem-solving skills. Incorporating toys such as Lego that uses in block building therapy allows children with autism to engage more with their peers and induce them to communicate with others. This is also because Lego is a very good tool particularly when used in group situation and block building therapy is therefore always delivered as a therapy group where children can learn to play together and develop a range of specific skills at the same time. Besides that, the building blocks enable children to feel calm and regulate themselves due to the Lego system of bricks is highly organised, systematic and predictable. Hence, it highly motivates autistic children as the unpredictable and ever-changing concepts that happen during free play are removed.     

Other than that, block building therapy is research proven and several studies conducted in the UK and USA found that Legos benefits children like help develop and reinforce language, play and social skills. For instance:

  1. Understanding and using the language.
  2. Social communication and pragmatics, which using non-verbal communication like facial expression, eye contact, body posture, gesture and proximity.
  3. Functional and social skills such as requesting help and clarification.
  4. Task focus, including task initiation.
  5. Sharing and turn-taking
  6. Problem-solving collaboratively and also improving negotiation and compromise

More specifically, research studies have shown the advantages of Lego play in three measure of social competence, which are self-initiated social contact, duration of social interaction and reductions in “stereotyped” behaviours. Results revealed that children showed significant gains across all the measures following treatment.

Source:
http://www.buildingblockstherapy.com.au/
http://www.sensationalkids.com.au/the-building-blocks-of-lego-therapy/
http://sugru.ie/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Play-therapy-and-autism-case-study.pdf
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-004-2550-0

积木治疗

积木治疗属于儿童的轻松治疗方法,同时也是一种私人职业治疗实践,旨在使儿童充分发挥其潜力。通过玩游戏的治疗,孩子们可以学会表达自己的感受,发展自信,使用各种方式将他人与他人联系起来,改变他们的行为并培养他们解决问题的能力。将乐高积木等玩具用于治疗可让自闭症儿童更多地与同龄人交往,并促使他们与他人交流。这也是因为乐高是一个非常好的工具,特别是在团体情况下使用时,因此块状构建疗法总是作为一个治疗组提供,孩子们可以在这里学习一起玩耍并同时发展一系列特定技能。除此之外,由于乐高积木系统具有高度的组织性,系统性和可预测性,积木使孩子们能够感到平静和自我调节。因此,它会激活自闭症儿童,因为在游戏中发生的不可预测因素和变化的概念将被移除。

除此之外,积木治疗的效果已经过研究证实。在英国和美国进行的一些研究发现,乐高积木有益于儿童,如帮助发展和加强语言,游戏和社交技能。 例如:

1. 理解和使用该语言。
2. 社交沟通和语用学,使用非语言交流,如面部表情、眼神接触、身体姿势及手势。
3. 训练社交技能,如请求帮助和澄清。
4. 进行任务时的专注度,包括主动做任务。
5. 学会分享和轮流
6. 协同解决问题,改善谈判和妥协

更具体地说,研究表明乐高在三种衡量社会能力方面的优势:自我发起的社会接触、社会互动的持续时间和“刻板”行为的减少。结果显示,儿童在治疗后的所有措施中都显示出显着的增加。