Building blocks therapy, which falls within the “play based” therapy method for children, is a private occupational therapy practice that aims to empower kids to reach their full potential. Through play-based therapy, children can learn to express their feelings, develop their confidence, use a variety of way to relate one with others, modify their behaviour and foster their problem-solving skills. Incorporating toys such as Lego that uses in block building therapy allows children with autism to engage more with their peers and induce them to communicate with others. This is also because Lego is a very good tool particularly when used in group situation and block building therapy is therefore always delivered as a therapy group where children can learn to play together and develop a range of specific skills at the same time. Besides that, the building blocks enable children to feel calm and regulate themselves due to the Lego system of bricks is highly organised, systematic and predictable. Hence, it highly motivates autistic children as the unpredictable and ever-changing concepts that happen during free play are removed.  

Other than that, block building therapy is research proven and several studies conducted in the UK and USA found that Legos benefits children like help develop and reinforce language, play and social skills. For instance:

  1. Understanding and using the language.
  2. Social communication and pragmatics, which using non-verbal communication like facial expression, eye contact, body posture, gesture and proximity.
  3. Functional and social skills such as requesting help and clarification.
  4. Task focus, including task initiation.
  5. Sharing and turn-taking
  6. Problem-solving collaboratively and also improving negotiation and compromise

More specifically, research studies have shown the advantages of Lego play in three measure of social competence, which are self-initiated social contact, duration of social interaction and reductions in “stereotyped” behaviours. Results revealed that children showed significant gains across all the measures following treatment.



除此之外,积木治疗的效果已经过研究证实。在英国和美国进行的一些研究发现,乐高积木有益于儿童,如帮助发展和加强语言,游戏和社交技能。 例如:

1. 理解和使用该语言。
2. 社交沟通和语用学,使用非语言交流,如面部表情、眼神接触、身体姿势及手势。
3. 训练社交技能,如请求帮助和澄清。
4. 进行任务时的专注度,包括主动做任务。
5. 学会分享和轮流
6. 协同解决问题,改善谈判和妥协