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Music Therapy

The engaging nature and accessibility of music often elicits responses of people of all ages, cultures, socioeconomic backgrounds and degrees of abilities in daily life. Music therapy is known as an established health profession where physical, emotional, cognitive and social needs of individuals are addressed by the use of music within a therapeutic relationship. The inclusion of music interventions to perform individualized goals is clinical and evidence-based. For instance, interventions like these are essential for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) individuals to maximize their potential and lead fulfilled lives. Special needs individuals often have difficulty in expressing themselves in words and music therapy provides possible approaches for communication that can be helpful.

Through musical involvement in treatment that includes creating, singing, moving to, and/or listening to music, clients’ abilities are strengthened and transferred to other areas of their lives. Among music therapy techniques are singing or vocalization, instrument play, movement/dance, musical improvisation, songwriting/ composition, listening to music, or computer-based music activities.

                 

How does Music Therapy helps Special Needs Children ?  
Music therapy interventions can focus on development in cognitive function, behavioral, physical, emotional and social skills. Music therapy can also enhance development in communication and sensorimotor skills. The adaptability of music therapy can apply various strategies to encourage a child’s participation in the least restrictive environment. In music therapy interventions, the application of inherent order of music is able to set behavioral expectations, provide reassurance, and maintain structure for children with special needs. Characteristics of music therapy sessions such as familiarity, consistency, structure and predictability are able to support the learning style of special needs individuals especially ASD individuals.  

Benefits of Music Therapy :

  • Music Addresses Developmental Needs
    Cognitive Skills – by putting academic concepts to music
    Motor Skills – increase gross and fine motor skills through instrument playing
    Instrument playing provides sensory feedback that naturally reinforces and assists in maintaining attention to increase motor skill development.
  • Music Supports Social-Emotional Regulation
    Emotions can be regulated and children are able to express themselves through both verbal and non-verbal communication. By labelling emotions receptively and expressively through songs, it can assist in self-awareness and responsiveness toward peers.
  • Music Addresses Behavioral Needs
    With songs that can reinforce following one and two-step instructions for daily routines, music therapy assists with self-help tasks at home and in the school environment.
  • Music Supports Children With Medical Considerations
    Many special needs children often need to adapt to frequent and long hospital stays, using medical equipment at home, and maintaining prescribed medications. Hence, music therapy is able to offer positive stimulation, developmentally appropriate social interaction, and self-expressive opportunities for children who experience these things.

Currently, music therapy is identified as an emerging intervention by the National Autism Center (2015). Besides that, special education classroom can be assisted by music therapists by incorporating music into their academic curriculum. The ability of music in stimulating attention and increasing motivation of special needs children can let them to participate more fully in other aspects of the educational setting.

Source :
https://www.musictherapykids.com/music-therapy-helps-children-with-special-needs/
https://www.musictherapy.org/

 

音乐治疗

音乐的吸引力和可访问性经常引起所有年龄,文化,社会经济背景和日常生活能力的人们的反应。音乐治疗被称为已建立的健康专业,其中通过在治疗关系中使用音乐来解决个人的身体,情感,认知和社交需求。在治疗中使用音乐为介入媒体以实现个性化目标是通过临床和证据所证实的。例如,像这样的介入对于自闭症谱系障碍(ASD)个体来说是必不可少的,目的是最大化他们的潜力并过上充实的生活。特殊需求的人通常难以用语言表达自己,而音乐治疗提供了可行的沟通方式。

通过音乐参与治疗,包括创作,演唱,移动和/或听音乐,患者的能力得到加强并转移到他们生活的其他领域。音乐治疗技术包括唱歌或发声,乐器演奏,运动/舞蹈,音乐即兴创作,歌曲创作/作曲,听音乐或基于电脑的音乐活动。

音乐治疗如何帮助特殊需要儿童?

音乐治疗可以集中于认知功能,行为,身体,情感和社交技能的发展。此外,音乐治疗还可以促进沟通和感觉运动技能的发展。音乐治疗的适应性可以应用各种策略来鼓励孩子参与最少限制的环境。在音乐治疗中,音乐固有顺序的应用能够为特殊儿童设定行为期望,提供保证和维护结构。音乐治疗课程的特点,如熟悉度,一致性,结构和可预测性,能够支持特殊需求的学习风格,特别是ASD个体。

音乐治疗的好处:

  • 音乐解决了发展需求
  • 认知技能 – 将学术概念融入音乐
  • 运动技能 – 通过乐器演奏提高大小肌肉运动技能

乐器演奏提供感官反馈,自然地加强并协助保持注意力以增加运动技能的发展。

  • 音乐支持社交情绪调节

情绪可以受到监管,儿童可以通过口头和非口头交流来表达自己。通过歌曲接受和表达地标记情感,它可以帮助自我意识和对同伴的反应。

  • 音乐解决了行为需求

通过歌曲可以强化遵循日常生活的一步和两步说明,音乐治疗有助于在家庭和学校环境中进行自助任务。

  • 音乐支持有医疗考虑的儿童

许多特殊儿童经常需要适应频繁和长期住院,在家中使用医疗设备和维持处方药物。因此,音乐疗法能够为体验这些事物的儿童提供积极的刺激,适合发育的社交互动和自我表达的机会。

目前,音乐治疗被国家自闭症中心(2015)确定为新兴起的媒介。除此之外,音乐治疗师可以通过将音乐融入他们的学术课程来辅助特殊教育课堂。音乐在刺激注意力和增加特殊儿童的动力方面的能力可以让他们更充分地参与教育环境的其他方面。