Orff music therapy is an approach to music therapy developed in Germany by Gerturd Orff within the specific clinical setting of social pediatrics on the basis of Orff-Schulwerk. As the intention of music therapy is to support children with developmental problems in terms of emotional development, the name “Orff Music Therapy” was coined. In Germany, it is used in numerous institutions for children and adolescents with developmental disabilities. With time, music therapists are beginning to put the method to use with handicapped adults.
Through spontaneous play and making music, improvisation provides a creative stimulus for the child. It lets children to explore and investigate, to assemble the sounds or objects, to “practice” by playing and to form associations.
- Music is understood in the sense of musiké
Musiké – a total presentation in word, sound and movement
“Playing with sounds,” role play and rhythmic or melodic performance are examples of music in the sense of musiké. The word “music” is understood in its broadest sense that makes it possible to include children with developmental disabilities to participate actively in the musical therapy setting.
The Orff instruments used are known to be other string instruments, keyboard instruments and percussion instruments. These instruments provide a means of interacting socially in the music therapy setting and encourage active participation of a child. In addition, non-musical materials like scarves, hand puppets, balls, chalk boards have their place within the instrumentarium used in Orff Music Therapy. Children can use these materials within the play situation to express themselves in the sense of music.
- Multisensory aspects of music
Aspects of music such as modalities, acoustical aspects can help the therapist to meet the needs of the child. For example, the combination of modalities can help children to feel the sound while hearing it. Moreover, activities like letting marbles roll along a metallophon into a hand drum or playing a drum so that balls will fly off it are not limited to the acoustical aspects of music. It also serves as a motivation for a child to interact, even if the child is still unwilling or unable to participate in musical activities.
Orff instruments :
Musiké – 完整的文字，声音和动作