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Physiotherapy

In addition to the sensory, behavioural, communication and social-emotional difficulties, many children with autism will also experience difficulties with their motor skills and capabilities. Autistic children may achieve early gross motor milestones such as crawling, sitting, walking and running independently within the expected time frames. However, the quality of these children’s movement are usually immature compares to their peers. These early motor skills provide the foundations for the development of later motor skills which require more refined and sophisticated movement control. As a result, children with autism have problem to master higher level motor skills such as ball skills, cycling, skipping, balancing and hopping. These skills affect the child’s overall participation in peer and communication activities, discourage them from learning and exploring the environment, which subsequently will impact their overall development.

Physiotherapy is always a key ingredient in the treatment of motor difficulties for autistic children. Those who delayed in achievement of gross motor milestones and facing troubles with throwing, catching, kicking or dribbling a ball, learning new physical skills, poor posture, sitting in a chair properly, frequent fall, toe walking, tight muscle and joint, etc might benefit from the physiotherapy. In general, the physiotherapist will assess the child’s overall motor functioning, identify the underlying difficulties and provide an intervention program to help address and improve the motor skills.

As for our center, Animals for YOUNG, we conduct some specific activities or exercises with certain devices such as jumping on trampoline, walking on swing bridge (balance beam), playing WePlay motor skills basic and universal set, WePlay balance arch, etc in order to improve the muscle strength, posture, motor planning and balance reaction of children.

Source:
https://www.carautismroadmap.org/the-role-of-the-pediatric-physical-therapist-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder/
https://www.moveplaypaedtherapy.com.au/role-physiotherapy-children-autism/

 

物理治疗

除了感觉,行为,沟通和社交情感困难之外,许多自闭症儿童也会遇到运动技能和能力方面的困难。自闭症儿童可以在预期的时间范围内实现早期的大肌肉运动里程碑,例如爬行,坐,走和跑。然而,与同龄人相比,这些孩子的运动质量通常较为不成熟。这些早期运动技能为后来的运动技能的发展提供了基础,但之后需要更精细和复杂的运动控制。因此,自闭症儿童在掌握更高水平的运动技能方面就开始出现问题,例如球技,骑自行车,跳绳,平衡和跳跃。这些技能会影响孩子对同伴和交流活动的整体参与,阻碍他们学习和探索环境,从而影响他们的整体发展。

物理治疗始终是治疗自闭症儿童运动困难的关键因素。那些延迟实现大运动里程碑并且面临投掷、抓球、踢球或运球、学习新的身体技能、不良姿势、无法好好地坐在椅子上、经常跌倒,使用脚趾走路、肌肉紧绷和关节等等麻烦的人将受益于物理疗法。一般而言,物理治疗师将评估儿童的整体运动功能,确定潜在的困难,并制定方案,以帮助解决和提高运动技能。

至于我们的中心,Animals for YOUNG将进行一些特定的活动或练习与某些设备,如在蹦床上跳跃,在平衡木上行走,使用WePlay运动技能基本和通用设置,WePlay平衡拱桥等来改善儿童的肌肉力量,姿势,运动计划和平衡反应。