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Rock Climbing


Rock climbing is a physically demanding indoor/outdoor activity that involves motor planning, high concentration and sequential thought, among other skills. For the children who have physical limitations or cognitive and sensory deficits, rock climbing is a very challenging activity yet they can reap many advantages from it. Rock climbing is very tactile, both in holds and in the texture of the walls. The holds are brightly coloured with different shapes so are visually stimulating. Children with autism that have sensory needs can try out this activity too as this helps them to retain more information in learning. No matter a physical, cognitive, communication or sensory disability, there is a degree of participation that can be attained. Several advantages of rock climbing that relate to certain disabilities are listed below:

1. Sensory disabilities
Children can gain exposure to movement and sensory input which help in motor processing through climbing. Climbing provides children’s bodies proprioceptive input (being aware of body and movement in relation to its joints) and develops the vestibular system. The pressure they feel in their muscles and joints can help internal regulation. Moreover, rock climbing looks visually inviting to children and may serve as a motivator for them to climb, encourage increased movement.  

2. Physical disabilities
Core strength and muscle tone are always positively affected by climbing. Therefore, children can improve their hands, arms and legs strength when having rock climbing. Other than that, the eye-hand and eye-foot coordination are practiced and children need to fully focus while climbing to prevent falling down. Children who have physical limitations generally participate in sedentary activities. Climbing, at whatever physical level possible, gives body movement that can increase circulation and assist in digestion. Also, the range of motion activities can increase flexion and extension, which aids prevent muscle atrophy.

3. Cognitive disabilities
Action concepts such as on/off, up/down, right/left, go/stop can all be incorporated into climbing. This helps children learn and understand these words because they are experiencing them verbally as well as kinesthetically. Furthermore, rock climbing allows children to face with choosing a particular path and this develops their decision-making skills. In addition, facing the climbing wall and scanning the wall constantly for the next hold to reach for can help take away auxiliary distractions and improve their attention. This makes children think more sequentially. Also, children will able to concentrate better and attend to cognitive task after they have been managed to use control their entire body in activity.

Source:
https://blog.schoolspecialty.com/benefits-rock-climbing-children-special-needs/
http://www.aact-climbing.com/why.htm
http://www.aact-climbing.com/

 

攀岩

攀岩是一项对体力要求很高的室内/室外活动,包括从运动规划,高度集中和连续思考等技能。对于有身体限制或认知和感觉缺陷的儿童,攀岩是一项非常具有挑战性的活动,但他们可以从中获得许多好处。攀岩非常具有触感,无论是在抱石还是在墙壁的纹理中。攀岩把手颜色鲜艳,形状各异,视觉刺激。患有感觉需求的自闭症儿童也可以尝试这项活动,因为这有助于他们在学习中保留更多信息。无论身体,认知,沟通或感官残疾,都可以达到一定程度的参与。下面列出了与某些残疾相关的攀岩的几个优点:

1.感官残疾

通过攀岩,儿童可以接触到运动和感觉输入,这也有助于肌肉的发展。攀爬为儿童的身体提供感受输入(了解与关节相关的身体和运动)并发展前庭系统。他们在肌肉和关节中感受到的压力可以帮助内部调节。此外,攀岩看起来在视觉上吸引儿童,可以作为他们攀爬的动力,鼓励增加运动。

2.身体残疾

攀爬会对核心力量和肌肉张力产生积极影响。因此,儿童攀岩时可以提高手,胳膊和腿的力量。除此之外,还练习了眼手和眼睛的协调,孩子们在攀爬时需要完全集中注意力以防止跌倒。有身体限制的儿童通常参加久坐不动的活动。在任何可能的物理水平攀爬,可以增加身体运动,增加血液循环,帮助消化。此外,运动活动的范围可以增加屈曲和伸展,这有助于防止肌肉萎缩。

3.认知障碍

诸如开/关,上/下,右/左,上/下等动作概念都可以融入攀爬中。这有助于孩子们学习和理解这些单词,因为他们在语言和动觉上都经历过这些单词。此外,攀岩让孩子们可以选择特定的路径,从而发展他们的决策能力。此外,面向攀岩墙并不断扫描墙壁以便下一次抓住可以帮助消除辅助干扰并提高他们的注意力。这让孩子们更顺序地思考。此外,孩子们在设法控制整个身体活动后,能够更好地集中注意力并参与认知任务。